As indicated by the name, age-related macular degeneration specifically affects those who are older. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss in Canadians over 60 years of age.
Age is the largest risk factor for developing AMD. Others include:
Patients with AMD can have one or both of the following types:
AMD is considered an incurable eye disease at this time. Research is ongoing in the quest for a cure. There are many treatment options designed to slow down or prevent the progression of this disease.
Depending on your individual case, your Optometrist will prescribe special vitamin therapy aimed at increasing the circulation to the retina to slow down these aging changes, a special diet to help make the retina healthier and special UV protection to prevent any more damage from the sun’s harmful UV rays. As well, the Optometrist may give you a vision test to take home with you so you can monitor your vision at home for any subtle changes.
The type of AMD you have will dictate the treatment our eye doctor will prescribe to you.
Important Information About Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is the deterioration of our eye’s retina. The retina is located inside the back layer of our eye. The central portion of the retina is known as the macula. At this time, researchers do not conclusively know the direct factors that contribute to macular degeneration. Studies have linked the effects of our bodies natural ageing process to the deterioration of the macula.
Scientists continue to work towards understanding the cause of macular degeneration.
We recommend the following lifestyle changes to decrease your chances of developing AMD:
Vision symptoms are often not noticeable in the early stages of AMD and the disease remains undetected by the patient. As AMD advances and enters the intermediate stage patients begin to experience vision impairments. These impairments may present as:
Patients diagnosed with advanced stage AMD are likely to be experiencing complete central vision loss.
We recommend booking an eye exam with our Optometrist if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms or simply have not had an eye exam in over two years.